The nursing profession is both practice-based, referring to the evidence-based practice that we’ve been discussing the last couple weeks and theory based (Younas and Quennell, 2019). The theory part of nursing focuses on the nurses values and beliefs about the human body and the health of it. According to Younas and Quennell, the nursing theory focuses on seeking which approaches to patient care would be best for that individual patient. Essentially it is gathering information from definitions and concepts and making assumptions using both the deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning methods (Nursing Theories, 2020). Younas and Quennell say that nursing theories are just as important as using evidence-based practice (2019). Using theory, evidence-based practice, and research all together can contribute to high knowledge development (Younas and Quennell, 2019). Nursing Theories says that the conceptual model theory is a more abstract way about looking at certain situations; it is a reference used to guide general nursing practice that consists of the patient, the environment, the nurse, and the health of the patient (2020).
Johnson’s Theory 1968 is a theory that focuses on a patient’s ability to adapt to their new-found-out illness. It looks at different stressors that may or may not cause the patient to not be able to adapt. The goal of this theory is to help maintain and control our patient’s stress level so they can more easily cope with and recover from their illness (Nursing Theories, 2020).
An example of Johnson’s Theory- say a person just found out they had cancer (of any sort). Finding this out would be incredibly stressful in many ways, depending on the type of cancer, how long that person has, how old they are, etc. Say this person found out they have Stage 4 pancreatic cancer and they are 50 years old. This would be devastating news for anyone. Using Johnson’s Theory, we can help provide our patient with resources they need in order to decrease their stress level and be able to cope with this new-found news. We can assist them with an advanced directive, a living will, get them into a support group, get their affairs in line for when they pass, have them meet with the chaplain, etc.
Pls always try to support post before writing .its a discussion forum.thanks 200-250 words.